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Computer randomly shuts down: How to fix it in Windows 10?

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It would be hard to find a computer user whom device has never randomly shut down. We all have been there, and we can agree that it’s annoying. Windows 10 users have also reported having the same issue. Even though the latest version of OS is supposed to offer better stability and performance, this kind of errors brings us back at least to the year 2000. However, just like majority problems, this one can be solved as well. There are many reasons why computer shuts down without warning, as well as diverse methods can be used to fix it

How to fix Computer randomly shuts down in Windows 10 .

Sources of the problem: What causes random shutdowns?

There are many reasons why your computer might turn off in the middle of typing the text, reading an article or watching your favorite TV show. The problem might be related to:

There’s no doubt that all these issues can be solved. Though, you may need to try several methods until you find the one that works for you.

6 methods to fix Computer randomly shuts down in Window 10

Our team has listed five main cause of the problem and gave an explanation how to fix it. Thus, start with the first method which is the most commonly detected solution.

Method 1. Install the latest version of the GPU

Graphic Processing Unit (GPU) might be the source of random shutdowns. In order to make them work properly, you have to use the latest version of the driver. Thus, you have to check your GPU and install the newest version of the driver from the developer’s site:

  1. Right-click Start and open Device Manager.
  2. Look up for Display adapters.
  3. Expand the menu and right-click on your GPU.
  4. Choose Properties.
  5. Go to the Details tab and open Hardwareld.
  6. Copy the first line.
  7. Go to Drivers tab -> Uninstall driver.
  8. Paste the previously copied first line. You should see the name and other details about your GPU.
  9. Access official driver provider’s website and install the latest version of the driver.
  10. Once you finish the installation, restart your computer.

Method 2. Disable Sleep mode on your Windows 10 computer

Disable sleep mode on Windows 10.

Sleep mode might cause problems for Windows 10 users. It is reported that once the computer starts sleeping, it might enter hibernation mode.[2] Thus, in order to avoid a randomly shutting down computer, you should turn off the Sleep mode:

  1. Go to Start.
  2. Access Settings.
  3. Go to System.
  4. Set Screen and Sleep options to Never.

Method 3. Disable Fast Startup

Disable Fast Startup to prevent random shutdowns.

If the previous method did not help to fix random shut downs in Windows 10, you should try another trick – turning off Fast Startup[3] feature. Nevertheless, this feature should speed up your PC and increase your experience; it might be the reason of unwanted shutdowns. To turn it off, follow this guide:

  1. Right-click Start and open Power Options.
  2. In Power Options settings click on Choose what the powers buttons do option in the left panel.
  3. Click Change settings that are currently unavailable option.
  4. Under Shut down settings, remove the tick from Turn on fast startup (recommended).
  5. Click OK to save the changes.

Method 4. Adjust advanced power settings

Various problems with power settings have also been reported of causing problems, including random shut downs. Thus, follow these steps to check if this hack helps to solve the problem for you:

  1. Right-click Start and access Power Settings.
  2. Select your default power plan and click Change plan settings option.
  3. Open Change advanced power settings.
  4. Go to Processor power management.
  5. You should see that Minimum processor state is set to 100. Change it to 0.
  6. Go to the Hard Disk and find Turn off hard disk after. Decrease the value until you see Never.
  7. Save the changes and close Settings.

Method 5. Check HDD state and fix it if needed

Problems with Hard Disk Drive (HDD), such as corruption, might cause bigger problems than random shut down. Though, if you encountered other computer-related problems as well, you should definitely check if your HDD is fine using built-in Windows tool:

  1. Right-click Start and choose Command Prompt (Admin) from the drop-down menu.
  2. Type or copy and paste this command and press Enter:
    wmic diskdrive get status

If you see OK for every partition, it means that your HDD works perfectly. If you see “Unknown,” “Caution” or “Bad,” you should fix those HDD issues.[4]

Method 6. Make sure that your PC is not overheated

High CPU temperature might be the responsible for turning off your Windows 10 computer. This issue might affect laptop users the most. The issue is that motherboard shuts down the computer when it starts working at a very high temperature that might lead to damage. Thus, you should check computer’s temperature using third-party software. However, if you put a hand on your laptop and it feels like radiator during the coldest winter’s night, you have to cool it off by:[5]